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History of Sheffield

History of Sheffield
  • council: Sheffield City Council
  • population: 640,000
  • phone code: 0114
  • postcode area: S1 - S70
  • county: South Yorkshire

Often referred to as "Britain's biggest village", Sheffield is in fact, the UK's fifth largest city, boasting a population of around 560,000 people. Renowned throughout the world as the home of stainless steel, the "Made in Sheffield" mark represents the finest quality products available.

In the 18th century, it became the centre of heavy industry following the industrial revolution and this heritage remains today, with large and small steel works dotted throughout the city, which continue to roll, hammer or cast metals for a vast range of products

Sheffield is currently undergoing its biggest ever regeneration programme, with many of the 1960s 'eye-sores' being replaced with prestigious apartments, cultural attractions and modern buildings. Shoppers will find the city split in two, with designer shops and boutiques to the south and discount stores and markets to the north.

A tram

It has two of the finest theatres in the country right next to each other; the Lyceum and the Crucible; home of the World Snooker Championships.

A city with a bit of an identity crisis, Sheffield is being re-born, and with two world-class Universities, it is home to over 45,000 students

Most visitors are amazed at how close the city is to the peak district. from the Cathedral or the main Station, you can be in the countryside in less than five minutes!

Sheffield is a city and metropolitan borough of South Yorkshire, England. Its name derives from the River Sheaf, which runs through the city. Historically a part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, the city has grown from its largely industrial roots to encompass a wider economic base. The population of the City of Sheffield is 534,500 (2008 est.),but the wider Sheffield Urban Area, which extends beyond the city proper, had a population of 640,720 as of the 2001 census. Sheffield is one of the eight largest regional English cities that make up the English Core Cities Group

Summer in Peace GardensDuring the 19th century, Sheffield gained an international reputation for its steel production. Many innovations were developed locally, including crucible and stainless steel, fuelling an almost tenfold increase in the population during the Industrial Revolution. Sheffield received its municipal charter in 1893, when it officially became the City of Sheffield. International competition in iron and steel caused a decline in traditional local industries during the 1970s and 1980s, coinciding with the collapse of coal mining in the area.

The 21st century has seen extensive redevelopment in Sheffield and in other British cities. Sheffield's GVA (gross value added) has increased by 60% in recent years, standing at £8.7 billion in 2006. The economy has experienced steady growth averaging around 5% annually, greater than that of the broader region of Yorkshire and the Humber.

The City of Sheffield is near the confluence of five rivers, and much of it is built on hillsides with views either into the city centre or out onto the countryside. Sheffield has more trees per person than any other city in Europe, estimated at more than two million; 61% of the city is green space.

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